This document consists of raw research notes on the subject of slavery in Reliance of the Traveller and the Hedaya.  The chapter on slavery in Umdat al-Salik was not translated.  The corresponding chapter in Hedaya was omitted as well, on the grounds of the abolition of slavery.  

    Of course we know that Muslims are still practicing slavery, both covertly and overtly.  And many references remain in the texts. 

    Here you will find notes on the available information and the page numbers where it can be found.  You will also find links to the texts.     Unfortunately, the Hedaya is not suitable for OCR. The quotes are not very legible due to the archaic type face and quality of the scanned image.  See:

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3 Responses to SLAVERY

  1. dajjal says:

    Saudi Arabia officially abolished slavery in 1964 but it is still practiced unofficially. One case was recently uncovered in England. where a Pakistani couple held a deaf mute girl in servitude for ten years.

    Slavery plays a role in the expiation of sins, many of which require emancipating a slave. it is hard to do that if there are no slaves. Note that slaves were obtained in ghazwat. See Reliance O9.14; captive widows and orphans are enslaved by default. Reference 33:26-27 for an example.

    Unfortunately, most of the information available is in Hedaya, which is printed in an antique type face with arcane & archaic vocabulary. It tends to be quite dense in some places. The chapter on marriage will tell you more than you wanted to know.

    Follow the links in the document, then, if you use Adobe X, hit Shift Ctrl F to open advanced search; search for slave.

  2. umdatalsalik says:

    Activists Arrested in Mauritania Following Burning of Islamic Jurisdiction Books Legitimizing Slavery, Al-Arabiya TV (Dubai/Saudi Arabia) – April 30, 2012 – 02:56

  3. umdatalsalik says:

    Following are excerpts from a report on the movement for abolishing slavery in Mauritania, which aired on Al-Arabiya TV on April 30, 2012 :

    Reporter : The issue of slavery has taken center stage in Mauritania once again. A human rights organization fighting slavery burnt books of the Maliki school of jurisprudence, prevailing in Mauritania, claiming that they provide a religious justification for continuing slavery. The act took place at the end of a special prayer of slaves, which emphasized their right to lead Muslims in prayer. The burning of the books sparked fury among the public.

    Sheik Hamad Ould Al-Tah, head of the Islamic Scholars Association in Mauritania : There has not been much slavery in Mauritania for a long while. A fatwa that was issued by the country’s scholars, and was ratified by the authorities, abolished slavery.

    Reporter : Demonstrations erupted throughout the country in condemnation of what was perceived as an affront to [Islam’s] sanctities. The president of Mauritania met with the protestors, and promised to implement the [penalties] of Islamic law upon the leaders of the manumission movement, who burnt the books. The president ordered them arrested and handed over to the courts.

    The anti-slavery movement apologized to the Mauritanians for the burning of the Maliki books. The movement explained that this was a symbolic act, in order to draw attention to jurisprudent views legitimizing slavery.

    Human rights activist : We hereby apologize to the people of Mauritania and to all good Muslims who felt affronted by this act. We call upon them all to contemplate the feelings and dignity of the thousands of slaves.

    Reporter : The activists deemed the reactions to the burning of the books to be extremist, and said that [the protestors] failed to see the connection between some religious texts and the suffering of slaves in Mauritania.

    Anti-slavery activist Abeid Ould Amigin : I cannot accept the claim that slavery does not exist. After all, a slave-owner was found guilty, a few months ago, of enslaving two minors. I cannot accept that slavery does not exist, when the state legislated a law in 2007 criminalizing slavery. A state does not legislate laws for things that do not exist.

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